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Articles from Springer a leading global scientific publisher of scientific books and journals. - dna immigration @ Wed, 18 Sep 2019 at 07:31 AM
Genetics and Tropical Forests - Tropical Forestry Handbook @ 2021-01-01
Genetics and Tropical Forests - Tropical Forestry Handbook @ 2021-01-01
This chapter reviews different streams of literature at the crossroad of border and citizenship studies, to offer a comprehensive understanding on what has been defined as the “internal side” of border drawing. It is often claimed that borders work as filters that operate through specific sociocultural, legal and administrative constructions of deservingness that extend from territorial “entry gates” into the “soft inside” of citizenship through status-producing/rights-allocating mechanisms generating a muddle of scattered and uneven assemblages of rights. As an emerging stream of research has shown, interactive processes of (il)legal status production and negotiation are especially useful to shed light on the role played by a whole variety of actors intermediating non-citizens’ movements across the complex “chutes and ladders” of bordered (un)citizenship.
Identity and Social Skills - Harnessing the Potential of Digital Post-Millennials in the Future Workplace @ 2020-01-01
This chapter presents aspects of the identity and social skills that many members of the Post-Millennial cohort are likely to possess as they enter the full-time workforce. While our assessments are speculative and we recognize individual differences, we have identified certain areas of continuity and, more critically, key differences between many of the Millennials currently in the workforce and the digital Post-Millennials who will follow them. The chapter draws on the concept of social construction to argue that the digital environment will serve as a powerful mediator of how today’s youth will come to understand their world and how they will develop generally shared views, definitions, ideas and meanings. In this context, analyses consider the potential impacts of: parenting; social media; diversity and attitudes towards migration and multiculturalism; collaboration and teamwork; global citizenship and civic engagement as well as the dark side of social media: trolls, cyberbullying and sextortion. We foresee the Post-Millennials having the potential to enter the workforce better equipped to make sense of, and succeed in, their careers than their Millennial elders. This extends to how they will fit into organizations with the conclusion that employers will need to consider the consequences of the current approach of ensuring new hires adapt to the organizational culture.
The immense global burden of infectious disease outbreaks and the need to establish prediction and prevention systems have been recognized by the World Health Organization (WHO), the National Institutes of Health (NIH), the United States Agency of International Development (USAID), the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, and the international scientific community. Despite multiple efforts, this infectious burden is still increasing. For example, it has been reported that between 1.5 and 12 million people die each year from waterborne diseases and diarrheal diseases are listed within the top 15 leading causes of death worldwide. Rapid population growth, climate change, natural disasters, immigration, globalization, and the corresponding sanitation and waste management challenges are expected to intensify the problem in the years to come.
Processes of State Creation and Democratization in Peru, Chile, and Argentina - The Making of Flawed Democracies in the Americas @ 2020-01-01
The colonizations of Peru, Chile, and Argentina were initiated during the first half of the 1500s. The transformations they experienced during the colonial period and after they attained independence differed substantially. Chile was the most effective one at creating a legitimate state and a relatively stable democracy, followed by Argentina and then Peru. Their disparities prompt these questions: Why were Peru’s leaders less effective at creating the state and eventually establishing a democratic regime than Argentina’s, and in turn, why were Peru’s and Argentina’s leaders less effective than Chile’s? This chapter discusses the histories of Peru’s, Chile’s, and Argentina’s state-creation and political regime–formation processes separately, beginning with the colonial period.
The Sexual Politics of Violence Against Women - Women’s Health Movements @ 2020-01-01
Gender-based violence is a worldwide scourge that respects no barriers of class, ethnicity, race, or religion. Discussions of gender-based violence usually focus on immediate concerns of social and interpersonal violence, especially physical and sexual assault by an intimate partner. In addition to domestic violence, this chapter analyzes the many other economic, political, and cultural forms of violence that effectively restrict women’s liberty and affect their lives and health. Economic violence is the mechanism that triggers gender inequity; political violence places limitations on the meaning of women’s citizenship; and cultural violence supports customs that deny women’s bodily integrity in the name of tradition. The chapter explores societies’ use of violence to control women’s productive and reproductive labor, beginning with a discussion of sexuality.
Religion and Biopolitics in Sweden - Religion and Biopolitics @ 2020-01-01
After a brief sketch of the historical background, the current political situation in Sweden is outlined. Since 1985 the National Council on Medical Ethics (Smer) has played an important role in the biopolitical debate in Sweden, and its activities and influence are described. Religious teachings are often combined with moral precepts. But what makes a statement religious is not easy to say, especially in societies where religious concerns have been intertwined with humanitarian common sense morality for a long time. Summing up, it can be said that the debate in Sweden on biopolitical issues has not shown many signs of the influence of religious arguments, though some religious actors are active in this debate.
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