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Articles from Springer a leading global scientific publisher of scientific books and journals. - dna forensic @ Thu, 17 Jan 2019 at 07:30 AM
Forensic Science - Encyclopedia of Law and Economics @ 2021-01-01
Forensic science applies natural, physical, and social sciences to resolve legal matters. The term forensics has been attached to many different fields: economics, anthropology, dentistry, pathology, toxicology, entomology, psychology, accounting, engineering, and computer forensics. Forensic evidence is gathered, examined, evaluated, interpreted, and presented to make sense of an event and provide investigatory leads. Various classification schemes exist for forensic evidence, with some forms of evidence falling under more than one scheme. Rules of evidence differ between jurisdictions, even between countries that share similar legal traditions. This makes the sharing of evidence between countries particularly problematic, at times rendering this evidence inadmissible in national courts. Several measures have been proposed and organizations created to strengthen forensic science and promote best practices for practitioners, researchers, and academicians in the field.
Genetics and Tropical Forests - Tropical Forestry Handbook @ 2021-01-01
Genetics and Tropical Forests - Tropical Forestry Handbook @ 2021-01-01
Fluorescence Lifetime Imaging - Handbook of Photonics for Biomedical Engineering @ 2021-01-01
Fluorescence lifetime imaging (FLIM) is a key fluorescence microscopy technique to map the environment and interaction of fluorescent probes. It can report on photophysical events that are difficult or impossible to observe by fluorescence intensity imaging, because FLIM is largely independent of the local fluorophore concentration and excitation intensity. Many FLIM applications relevant for biology concern the identification of Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) to study protein interactions and conformational changes. In addition, FLIM has been used to image viscosity, temperature, pH, refractive index, and ion and oxygen concentrations, all at the cellular level. The basic principles and recent advances in the application of FLIM, FLIM instrumentation, molecular probe, and FLIM detector development will be discussed.
The molecular diagnostic laboratories in developing countries are progressively improving and attaining international accreditation. Hence, understanding and implementing the concept of quality are the needs of the hour. Total quality management system (TQMS) in a diagnostic laboratory is an integrated program involving all laboratory staff aiming for integration, consistency, and increase in efficiency. A comprehensive understanding of such a system is unfortunately only through practice. Our endeavors in establishment of TQMS for laboratory accreditation has helped us gain comprehensive understanding of the process and have compelled us to share the knowledge with the community engaged in such diagnostics. A number of accreditation bodies have put forth guidelines for laboratories seeking accreditation; however, such documents can be overwhelming at times leading to confusion and difficulty in implementation. We aim to present to the reader a lucid script of basic reasoning behind such accreditation guidelines in conjunction with thorough and practical generalized workflows for TQMS implementation. The goal of TQMS is to provide the best possible care for patients; and to achieve top-notch quality, there should be a continuous drive for improvement. The clinical vignettes presented in this paper illustrate the value of applying select ISO 15189:2012 recommendations in a molecular diagnostic laboratory to efficiently ensure quality through TQMS and a basic understanding of nuances for its practical implementation. Implementation of TQMS in a diagnostic setting enables seamless flow of laboratory results and instills confidence in clinicians regarding disease interpretation and treatment.
Systemic network for dietary inorganic phosphate adaptation among three organs - Pflügers Archiv - European Journal of Physiology @ 2019-01-31
Systemic network for dietary inorganic phosphate adaptation among three organs - Pflügers Archiv - European Journal of Physiology @ 2019-01-31
Found 13 Articles for dna forensic